Apple iOS 11 upgrade

Apple has launched its latest software upgrade, the iOS11, on September 19, 2017. This will be available to download on all compatible versions of the iPhone, iPod and iPad (see at bottom). The company’s latest offering comes just a week after the global launch of its three new phone variants – iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone X – along with Apple Watch Series 3 and Apple TV 4K.

Here are the main features of the iOS 11:

Files feature

The new Files app enables you to organise your files better, no matter where they are located. Files can be organised in one place and there’s a dedicated place for the most recent files, so you won’t waste time searching for them. It organises files from various sources like the iPad and other iOS devices, Dropbox, Cloud etc.


The Dock feature in the iPad allows you to toggle between apps instantly. It is placed at the bottom of the screen as a blue file icon. With one touch, a window pops up showing your favourite or most recently-used apps. Apps that have been opened recently, and apps that are currently open on the iPhone or Mac appear on the right side of the Dock. The Dock makes multi-tasking easier. You can open a second app from the Dock and both apps can be used simultaneously in a split-screen format.

Drag and drop

A new feature for the iPad. You can move files, photos, and text from one app to the other. If you want to attach a picture to your email, just drag and drop the picture from your album.

Apple Pencil

An enhanced feature for iPad Pro users who also have the Apple Pencil. This is useful for inline notes, say if you are sending a picture to someone and you want to circle one particular object to get his/her attention. With the Inline Drawing feature, if you write or draw something in the Notes app, the text around it can move automatically aside.

The Do Not Disturb feature


Do Not Disturb

A very useful tool, while driving. The iPhone can detect that you may be driving, through vehicle movement or Bluetooth connections, and notifications will be automatically silenced to keep the screen dark. Users have the option of sending an auto reply to their contacts to let them know they are driving and will respond at a better time.

Redesigned app store

The new-look app store is meant to make the experience of discovering new games and apps easier. You can read more about how the apps were created by checking out interviews with the developers. There is also a dedicated Games tab.

Photo features: Loop and Bounce

Play around with your photos with these new features. Using Live Photos, you can use the Loop feature to create a video loop, like watching a Vine video. With the Bounce feature, once an action plays out – for instance a person jumping into a pool– the video rebounds back to the start, akin to pressing the rewind button. There are also new photo filters that are geared to make Portrait shots look even more professional.


The personal assistant is set to become even more efficient as it will now be possible to translate US English into Mandarin, French, German, Italian and Spanish.

Augmented Reality

View virtual content on top of real-world scenes. A fine feature for designers.


iPhone: iPhone X, iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone 7, iPhone 7 Plus, iPhone 6s, iPhone 6s Plus, iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, iPhone SE, iPhone 5s

iPad: 12.9-inch iPad Pro 2nd generation, 12.9-inch iPad Pro 1st generation, 10.5-inch iPad Pro, 9.7-inch iPad Pro, iPad Air 2, iPad Air, iPad 5th generation, iPad mini 4, iPad mini 3, iPad mini 2

iPod: iPod touch 6th generation

Journey of Cassini

Cassini departed Earth in 1997 and arrived at the solar system’s second-largest planet in 2004. The European Huygens landed on Saturn’s big moon Titan in 2005. Nothing from Earth has landed farther.

NASA’s Cassini spacecraft disintegrated in the skies above Saturn early on September 15 in a final, fateful blaze of cosmic glory, following a remarkable journey of 20 years.

Confirmation of Cassini’s expected demise came about 7.55 a.m. EDT (5.25 p.m. IST). That’s when radio signals from the spacecraft its last scientific gifts to Earth came to an abrupt halt. The radio waves went flat, and the spacecraft fell silent.

Cassini actually burned up like a meteor 83 minutes earlier as it dove through Saturn’s atmosphere, becoming one with the giant gas planet it set out in 1997 to explore. But it took that long for the news to arrive at Earth a billion miles away.

The only spacecraft to ever orbit Saturn, Cassini showed us the planet, its rings and moons up close in all their glory. Perhaps most tantalising, ocean worlds were unveiled by Cassini and its hitchhiking companion, the Huygens lander, on the moons Enceladus and Titan, which could possibly harbour life.

Cassini snapped its “last memento photos” of the Saturn system on September 14. Dutiful to the end, the spacecraft sampled Saturn’s atmosphere on September 15 morning as it made its final plunge.

Programme manager Earl Maize made the final announcement: “This has been an incredible mission, an incredible spacecraft and you’re all an incredible team,” Mr. Maize said. “I’ll call this the end of mission.”

Flight controllers wearing matching purple shirts stood and embraced and shook hands.

More than 1,500 people, many of them past and present team members, had gathered at California’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory for what was described as both a vigil and celebration. Even more congregated at nearby California Institute of Technology, which runs the lab for NASA.

Project scientist Linda Spilker noted Cassini has been running “a marathon of scientific discovery” for 13 years at Saturn. “So we’re here today to cheer as Cassini finishes that race,” she said.

For more than a decade, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft took “a magnifying glass” to the ringed planet, its moons and rings.

The spacecraft tumbled out of control while plummeting at more than 122,000 kmph. Project officials invited ground telescopes to look for Cassini’s last-gasp flash, but weren’t hopeful it would be spotted from a billion miles away.

This Grand Finale, as NASA calls it, came about as Cassini’s fuel tank started getting low after 13 years exploring the planet. Scientists wanted to prevent Cassini from crashing into Enceladus or Titan and contaminating those pristine worlds. And so in April 2017, Cassini was directed into the previously unexplored gap between Saturn’s cloud tops and the rings. Twenty two times, Cassini entered the gap and came out again. The last time was last week.

The leader of Cassini’s imaging team, Carolyn Porco, a visiting scholar at the University of California, Berkeley, was so involved with the mission for so long that now, “I consider it the start of life, part two.”

Cassini departed Earth in 1997 and arrived at the solar system’s second largest planet in 2004. The European Huygens landed on big moon Titan in 2005. Nothing from Earth has landed farther.

In all, Cassini collected more than 453,000 images and traveled 4.9 billion miles. It was an international endeavour, with 27 nations taking part. The final price tag was $3.9 billion.

The  toolkit — everything you need to know about why, how and when our mission is coming to a close: 

Updates5.32 p.m.: NASA says Cassini spacecraft has burned up in the skies over Saturn as planned, ending a 20-year mission. Earth received Cassini’s final signal at 7:55 a.m. ET (5.25 p.m. IST). Cassini is now part of the planet it studied. Thanks for the science.

5.30 p.m.: Our Cassini spacecraft is now one with the planet it studied for so long. The rest is science. Goodbye Cassini, tweets @NASAJPL.

5.27 p.m. IST: NASA announces end of mission. Our spacecraft has entered Saturn’s atmosphere, and we have received its final transmission, tweets @CassiniSaturn

5.01 p.m. IST: @NASAJPL tweets:  Cassini Mission Control update: Loss of signal expected ~4.54 a.m. PT (5.24 p.m. IST).

4.53 p.m. IST: @CassiniSaturn tweets: Cassini’s final transmission is currently traveling at the speed of light past Jupiter.

4.01 p.m. IST: Cassini’s final dive is happening at Saturn, with the last signal expected on Earth at 5.25 p.m. IST. This means the spacecraft is entering the planet’s atmosphere.  (NASA’s Cassini Grand Finale update)

2.25 p.m. IST: Cassini engineers have received the signal that Cassini has started a five-minute roll to point the instrument that will sample Saturn’s atmosphere into the optimal direction, facing the direction of the oncoming gases. Along with this roll, the spacecraft is reconfiguring its systems for real-time data transmission at a rate of 27 kilobits per second (3.4 kilobytes per second). Final, real-time relay of data starts immediately after. That relay marks the beginning of Cassini’s final plunge. (NASA’s Cassini Grand Finale update)


Why did we end @CassiniSaturn mission with this dive into ? To protect moons from contamination: 

Last goodbyes

Cassini flew by Titan one last time on September 12 before transmitting images and scientific data from the flight.

Mission engineers will use the information gathered from the encounter they dubbed “the goodbye kiss” to make sure the vessel is following the right path to plunge into the gas giant’s atmosphere.

“The Cassini mission has been packed full of scientific firsts, and our unique planetary revelations will continue to the very end of the mission as Cassini becomes Saturn’s first planetary probe, sampling Saturn’s atmosphere up until the last second,” said Linda Spilker, Cassini project scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. “We’ll be sending data in near real time as we rush headlong into the atmosphere — it’s truly a first-of-its-kind event at Saturn.”

Cassini is expected to lose communications with Earth one or two minutes into its final dive, but 10 of its 12 scientific instruments will be working right up until the last moment to analyze the atmosphere’s composition. That data could help understand how the planet formed and evolved.

On the eve of its final descent, other instruments will make detailed observations of Saturn’s aurora borealis, temperatures and polar storms.

Grand finale

A grab from the simulation of Cassini’s plunge into Saturn. Photo: @CassiniSaturn

Cassini’s final maneuvers began at 7.14 a.m. GMT (12.44 pm IST) on September 15, although the signal will only reach NASA 86 minutes later.

At 10.31 a.m. GMT (4.01 pm IST), the spacecraft is due to enter Saturn’s atmosphere with its antennas pointed toward Earth and its motors running full blast in order to hold its trajectory. Just a minute later, at some 1,500 km above Saturn’s clouds, the probe’s communications will stop before Cassini begins to disintegrate moments later, NASA predicts.

“The Grand Finale represents the culmination of a seven-year plan to use the spacecraft’s remaining resources in the most scientifically productive way possible,” said Earl Maize, Cassini project manager at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. “By safely disposing of the spacecraft in Saturn’s atmosphere, we avoid any possibility Cassini could impact one of Saturn’s moons somewhere down the road, keeping them pristine for future exploration.”

The mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and Italy’s space agency. NASA’s European and Italian partners built the Huygens probe Cassini carried until dropping it on Titan.

The Cassini-Huygens mission’s total cost is about $3.26 billion, including $1.4 billion for pre-launch development, $704 million for mission operations, $54 million for tracking and $422 million for the launch vehicle.

The United States contributed $2.6 billion to the project, the European Space Agency $500 million and the Italian Space Agency $160 million.

Italian astronomer Giovanni Cassini discovered four of Saturn moons in the 17th century, although scientists have since identified more than 60. During the same era, Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens found that Saturn had rings. He also was the first person to observe Titan.

A brief look back at Cassini

The spacecraft Cassini is pictured above Saturn’s northern hemisphere prior to making one of its Grand Finale dives in this NASA handout illustration obtained by Reuters August 29, 2017.

Cassini rocketed from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on October 15, 1997, carrying with it the European Huygens lander. The spacecraft arrived at Saturn in 2004. Six months later, Huygens detached from Cassini and successfully parachuted onto the giant moon Titan. Cassini remained in orbit around Saturn, the only spacecraft to ever circle the planet. In April 2016, NASA put Cassini on an ever-descending series of final orbits, leading to the September 15 swan dive. Better that, they figured, than Cassini accidentally colliding with a moon that might harbour life and contaminating it.

After more than a decade exploring , its moons and rings, we’ve embarked on our 

The spacecraft

Travelling too far from the sun to reap its energy, Cassini used plutonium for electrical power to feed its science instruments. Its separate, main fuel tank, however, was getting low when NASA put the spacecraft on the no-turning-back Grand Finale. The mission already had achieved great success, and despite the chance of pounding Cassini with ring debris, flight controllers directed the spacecraft into the narrow gap between the rings and Saturn’s cloud tops. Cassini successfully sailed through the gap 22 times, providing ever better closeups of Saturn.

The rings

Cassini discovered swarms of moonlets in Saturn’s rings, including one called Peggy that made the short list for final picture-taking. Scientists wanted one last look to see if Peggy had broken free of its ring. Data from the spacecraft indicate Saturn’s rings which consist of icy bits ranging in size from dust to mountains may be on the less massive side. That would make them relatively young compared with Saturn; perhaps a moon or comet came too close to Saturn and broke apart, forming the rings 100 million years ago. Or perhaps multiple such collisions occurred. On the flip side, more massive rings would suggest they originated around the same time as Saturn, more than 4 billion years ago.

The moons

Saturn has 62 known moons, including six discovered by Cassini. The biggest, by far, is the first one discovered way back in the 1655 — Titan, which slightly outdoes Mercury. Its lakes hold liquid methane, which could hold some new, exotic form of life. Little moon Enceladus is believed to have a global underground ocean that could be sloshing with life more as we know it. Incredibly, geysers of water vapor and ice shoot out of cracks in Enceladus’ south pole. Project scientist Linda Spilker said if she could change one thing about Cassini, it would have been to add life-detecting sensors to sample these plumes. But no one knew about the geysers until Cassini arrived on the scene.

20 things we learned from Cassini’s 20-year journey

After a remarkable journey of 20 years, NASA’s lone mission to Staurn, the Cassini spacecraft, ended its journey on September 15 by disintegrating in the skies above the planet. Launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on October 15, 1997, Cassini arrived at Saturn in 2004, and since then it has been sending myriad of information on the second-largest planet of the solar system.

Here are 20 things that Cassini made us discover in 20 years.

1. Water, icy plumes on Enceladus

Cassini discovered that Enceladus, Saturn’s sixth largest moon, has water underneath its icy surface. According to NASA, Cassini “revealed this ocean world to be one of the solar system’s most scientifically interesting destinations”.

In addition, we learned that Enceladus also has “geyser-like” jets that would spray water vapor and ice particles, pointing to hydrothermal vents underground. Scientists also found that the water contains a lot of salts and ammonia, making it a prime candidate for research about extraterrestrial life.

2. What Titan’s surface looks like

Cassini, in its journey to map Saturn’s world, also had a passenger — an entry probe called Huygens which managed to land on the planet’s biggest moon, Titan. Before the expedition, we only knew that Titan is somewhat larger than Mercury and is covered with a thick atmosphere. The Cassini-Huygens mission showed us what Titan actually looks like underneath all of it.

3. Titan’s “earth-like” world

NASA scientists have described Titan as an “early-earth in deep-freeze”. The Cassini mission showed that the moon not only had an internal ocean of water, but also a nitrogen-rich atmosphere. In the process, Titan became the “the only known world with a dense nitrogen atmosphere besides Earth”.

This composite image shows an infrared view of Saturn’s moon Titan from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, acquired during the mission’s “T-114” flyby on Nov. 13, 2015.   | Photo Credit: NASA


4. Methane in Titan’s seas

When Huygens landed on Titan, not only did it reveal that Titan was about to get on the list of potentially habitable worlds, but that it also had entire seas of methane. Scientists are still figuring out how this much methane came to be, but are of the opinion that Titan’s seas may host living organisms


5. New Saturnian moons

Cassini discovered three new moons — Methone, Pallene and Aegaeon — bringing Saturn’s moon count to a total of 62. Aegaeon is Saturn’s smallest known moon, measuring less than 1.5 km across.

6. Hydrocarbons on Hyperion

Hyperion has been called Saturn’s “most bizarre moon” due to its elongated shape and what looks like a spongy surface. Scientists found hydrocarbons — various combinations of hydrogen and carbon — on Hyperion’s surface, further confirming that “the basic chemistry needed for life is widespread in the universe”.

7. The 300-year-old mystery of Iapetus

Iapetus, one of Saturn’s major moons, is tidally locked — meaning one side always faces the sun while the other faces away. Interestingly, the side that faces the sun is covered in a light, reflective substance, while the side facing away is covered with a dark substance. Cassini finally solved that mystery.

The dark side of the moon, pun unintended, was due to another one of Saturn’s moons, Phoebe. Reddish dust from Phoebe was being swept into Iapetus’ path, resulting in the dark patches across its surface.

8. Oxygen molecules on Dione

Cassini proved that oxygen was present not just on Earth. Scientists discovered that Dione, another one of Saturn’s moons, had oxygen molecules around the icy moo, confirming that Dione had a very thin, tenuous atmosphere.

A view of tectonic faults and craters on Dione, Saturn’s moon, taken by Cassini on Dec. 24, 2005, from a distance of approximately 151,000 kilometres.


9. Moonlets in Saturn’s rings

Saturn’s rings, which are entirely made up of water ice particles, also contain small moonlets, Cassini found back in 2006. “The moonlets’ existence could help answer the question of whether Saturn’s rings were formed through the break-up of a larger body or are the remnants of the disk of material from which Saturn and its moons formed,” NASA wrote after the discovery.

10. Cassini uncovers new ring around Saturn

The gift that was Cassini kept on giving. The probe also uncovered a new ring around Saturn, present outside the other visible rings. The new ring is quite faint, visible only at certain angles when the sun is behind the planet.

A new diffuse ring, coincident with the orbits of Saturn’s moon’s Janus and Epimetheus, has been revealed in ultra-high phase angle views from Cassini.   | Photo Credit: NASA


11. Possible source of Saturn’s mysterious G ring

Saturn’s G ring, a faint ring that was discovered in 1979, had scientists puzzled over how it came to be. Cassini answered that question by discovering evidence that the G ring was, in fact remnants of a moon that had broken up a long time ago.

12. The connection between Saturn’s rings and the formation of planets

Cassini helped scientists understand the process behind the formation of planets by observing the behaviour of Saturn’s rings.The probe documented the formation of a small moon in between the rings, formed by the very particles that the rings are made of.

13. The shaking of Saturn’s rings

Saturn’s rings are more groovy than smooth, according to Cassini’s data. The rings contain waves that are seemingly caused by the planet’s gravitational disturbances. Scientists likened these waves to a seismograph, which might help them understand just how gas giants like Saturn and Jupiter behave.

This Cassini image features a density wave in Saturn’s A ring (at left) that lies around 134,500 km from Saturn.   | Photo Credit: NASA


14. New views of Saturn’s auroras

Just like the lights at earth’s north pole, Saturn too has auroras that were captured in new and better angles by Cassini. The new views from the probe gave new information on how the auroras move and what influenced them — outbursts from the sun and, in some cases, influence by Mimas and Enceladus as well.

15. Saturn’s giant hurricanes

Forget Hurricanes Harvey and Irma. Saturn’s got it much worse. Cassini was able to fly close enough to Saturn to get new images of the giant hurricane that is swirling around in the planet’s north and south poles. The one located at the north pole is about 2,000 km wide, 20 times larger than the average hurricane eye on Earth. The one at the south pole is even larger – measuring about 8,000 km.

16. Decoding the Hexagon

This giant six-sided structure has puzzled scientists for a very long time. This feature encircles the planet’s entire north pole and for the first time, scientists were able to see the structure in its entirety, thanks to Cassini’s high-resolution images of it.

The spinning vortex of Saturn’s north polar storm resembles a deep red rose of giant proportions surrounded by green foliage in this false-color image from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft.   | Photo Credit: NASA


17. Saturn’s seasonal patterns

Cassini also found evidence of seasonal patterns emerging at the planet’s poles. The north pole warmed by about 36 degrees F during spring, while the south pole cooled by 63 degrees F during fall.

18. How does Saturn rotate?

Scientists knew one Saturnian revolution took about 29-and-a-half earth years, but determining the days and nights on the gas giant eluded them. The reason? Saturn’s dense, gas-filled atmosphere. Cassini took readings of the planet’s radio waves, helping scientists better understand how the planet’s rotational schedule works.

19.How earth looks like, from Saturn

If the Pale Blue Dot was the Voyager mission’s contribution, Cassini too chipped in with its own version of it. The probe captured an image of the earth, the moon in the far corner with Saturn’s rings in the foreground. At this point, Cassini was about 1.5 billion km away from the earth.

Earth is captured here in a natural colour portrait made possible by the passing of Saturn directly in front of the sun from Cassini’s point of view.   | Photo Credit: NASA


20. How Jupiter actually looks in true colour

Cassini, while making a beeline to its destination around Saturn, took some spectacular true colour images of our solar system’s other gas giant, complete with detailed imaging of Jupiter’s giant red spot.

A true colour mosaic of Jupiter taken by the Cassini spacecraft in 2000.

Apple Keynote

iPhone X


Super Retina Display

With iPhone X, the device is the display. An all‑new 5.8‑inch Super Retina screen fills the hand and dazzles the eyes.

Innovative Technology

The display employs new techniques and technology to precisely follow the curves of the design, all the way to the elegantly rounded corners.

OLED Designed for iPhone X

The first OLED screen that rises to the standards of iPhone, with accurate, stunning colours, true blacks, high brightness and a 1,000,000 to 1 contrast ratio.

TrueDepth Camera

A tiny space houses some of the most sophisticated technology we’ve ever developed, including the cameras and sensors that enable Face ID.

All-New Design

The most durable glass ever in a smartphone, front and back. Surgical‑grade stainless steel. Wireless charging. Water and dust resistance.

Intuitive Gestures

Familiar gestures make navigation natural and intuitive. Instead of pressing a button, a single swipe takes you home from anywhere.

Secure Authentication

Your face is now your password. Face ID is a secure new way to unlock and authenticate.

Facial Mapping

Face ID is enabled by the TrueDepth camera and is simple to set up. It projects and analyzes more than 30,000 invisible dots to create a precise depth map of your face.

Portrait Mode Selfies

Create beautiful selfies with sharp foregrounds and artfully blurred backgrounds.

Portrait Lighting

A new feature in Portrait mode, Portrait Lighting produces impressive studio‑quality lighting effects.


The TrueDepth camera analyses more than 50 different muscle movements to mirror your expressions in 12 Animoji. Reveal your inner panda, pig or robot.

Improved Cameras

Larger and faster 12-megapixel sensor. A new colour filter. Deeper pixels. And a new telephoto camera with OIS.

Dual OIS

Both rear cameras have optical image stabilisation and fast lenses for outstanding photos and videos even in low light.

Optical Zoom

The wide-angle and telephoto cameras on iPhone X enable optical zoom, as well as digital zoom of up to 10x for photos and 6x for videos.

Neural Engine

Introducing A11 Bionic. The most powerful and smartest chip ever in a smartphone, with a neural engine that’s capable of up to 600 billion operations per second.

Faster CPU

The four efficiency cores in the all‑new CPU are up to 70 per cent faster than A10 Fusion. And the two performance cores are up to 25 per cent faster.

Adaptive Recognition

Machine learning lets Face ID adapt to physical changes in your appearance over time.

Power Efficiency

A second-generation performance controller and custom battery design that lasts up to two hours longer between charges than iPhone 7.

Apple‑Designed GPU

The new Apple‑designed three‑core GPU is up to 30 per cent faster than A10 Fusion.

Augmented Reality

A11 Bionic powers extraordinary augmented reality experiences in games and apps.

Wireless Charging

With no charging cable required, iPhone X is truly designed for the future of wireless.


Available 2018

Introducing AirPower mat. Just set your iPhone, Apple Watch and AirPods anywhere on the mat to charge them wirelessly.

Designed for iPhone X

A phone that’s all screen required an entirely rethought OS with new capabilities and gestures.

New with iOS 11

Send Animoji in Messages. Make Siri your personal DJ. And discover new music with friends in Apple Music.


Apple Watch Series 3


Smart activity coaching. An enhanced Heart Rate app. Your favourite playlists on your wrist. A built-in altimeter. And a more responsive Siri experience. Introducing Apple Watch Series 3. Now you can be more active, motivated and connected than ever.

Ultimate Sports Watch

With built-in GPS and a new altimeter, Apple Watch Series 3 tracks all your outdoor workouts. An updated Workout app includes high-intensity interval training and auto-sets for swimming laps. You can also take more music than ever on your wrist for endless amounts of musical motivation.

GPS and altimeter. See how far and high you go.

Built-in GPS records the distance, speed and route of your outdoor workouts. And an altimeter tracks elevation during your hilliest rides and highest climbs. When you get home, check your iPhone for even more detailed stats — if you’re so inclined.

Stay motivated with your favourite music on your wrist.

With Apple Watch Series 3, you can take more music with you wherever you go. Your favourite Apple Music playlists are automatically synced to your watch so you’ll have the motivation you need to power through every workout.

More metrics. More motivation.

Track popular indoor and outdoor workouts like running, cycling, swimming and now even high-intensity interval training. When you’re doing back-to-back workouts, you can easily switch from one to the next and see a comprehensive summary at the end.

Connected gym. Stay in sync.

With just a tap, you can pair your watch wirelessly with compatible gym equipment.2So you can keep important metrics like heart rate, speed and calories completely in sync and ensure that your workout results are accurate.

Always ready for the pool or ocean.

Apple Watch Series 3 is swimproof and tracks both pool and open-water workouts. After you’re done, sound vibrations eject water from the speaker.

Visualise your progress.

Like all the activity you do throughout the day, your workouts count toward closing your Move, Exercise and Stand rings. You can view your ring and workout history on your iPhone to see your performance over time.

Stick with your favourite apps.

Whether you’re into circuit training, weightlifting or yoga, you can use the workout apps you already know and love, and still get credit toward closing your Activity rings.

Nike+ Run Club. Detailed tracking, Audio Guided Runs, and non‑stop motivation help you run better and more often.

Fitso. Unleash your best self with this award-winning app. Lose weight and get fit with workout videos, an Indian food calorie counter and more.

Xensr. Log how many waves you’ve caught, measure wave height and track personal bests while you surf.

Zova. Combine all your workouts into a single score so you know how active you are or need to be.

Ace Tennis. Improve the power and speed of your tennis serve by studying your swing.

My Swim Pro. Take your swimming to the next level with personalised and guided workouts.

Intelligent Activity Tracker

Apple Watch Series 3 tracks all the ways you move throughout the day, whether you’re cycling to work, doing cartwheels with the kids or hitting the gym.

Sit less. Move more. Get some exercise.

Three simple rings show how active you are every day and can inspire you to move more to close them. See if you’ve been sitting too much. Track steps you’ve taken and how many calories you’ve burnt. And aim for 30 minutes of exercise, even if it’s not all at once.

Smart coaching. A nudge when you need it.

Like a personal trainer, Apple Watch Series 3 gives you the motivation you need. In the morning you’ll see personalised progress updates, and in the evening you’ll get a suggestion for how to close your rings. You’ll even receive a new challenge each month based on your activity and workout history.

Share your Activity rings with friends.

Compare Activity rings with friends and family to stay motivated. Get notifications on their progress. And easily respond with words of encouragement or a little competitive banter.

Apple Watch celebrates each milestone with you.

Every time you close a ring or hit a goal, Apple Watch Series 3 marks the occasion with festive full-screen effects. You’ll also earn awards for personal bests, streaks and major milestones.

Wheelchair Use. Fitness for all.

Apple Watch Series 3 takes into account different pushing techniques and terrains to accurately record Activity metrics for wheelchair users. And there are two wheelchair-specific workouts to choose from.

Powerful Health Tool

Since Apple Watch Series 3 is always with you, it can help you be more aware of your overall health. It lets you easily monitor your heart rate, better manage everyday stress and add apps that support your specific routines.

Keep tabs on your heart rate. Anytime.

Apple Watch Series 3 measures your heart rate throughout the day — while you’re resting, walking or in the recovery phase after a workout. The Heart Rate app also notifies you if your heart rate rises above a set threshold when you’ve been inactive for a 10-minute period.

Help when you need it.

With SOS, you can quickly call for help by having your emergency contacts notified and sent your location. And your watch will display your Medical ID badge for emergency personnel.

Breathe App. Quiet your mind. Relax your body.

Stay centred as a beautiful animation and gentle taps guide you through a series of deep breaths. Reminders help you practice mindfulness every day. And you can see your heart rate when you’re finished with your session.

Third-party health apps.

The right apps can play an active role in reminding you to keep up with healthy regimens and routines. Whether you want to drink more water, improve your sleep or better manage a condition like diabetes, Apple Watch Series 3 lets you add the apps that will help most.

Lose It! Set a daily calorie budget and stay on track by recording your meals and exercise.

Lifesum. Build habits to make better food choices, get those workouts in and reach your health goals.

One Drop. Track and share glucose levels and other personal data to better manage your diabetes.

Android 8.O: The “OREO”

Smarter, faster, more powerful and sweeter than ever. The world’s favorite cookie is your new favorite Android release.

Swift moves, behind the scenes

2x faster:

Get started on your favorite tasks more quickly with 2x the boot speed when powering up*
*boot time as measured on Google Pixel

Background limits:

Android Oreo helps minimize background activity in the apps you use least, it’s the super power you can’t even see.


With your permission, Autofill remembers your logins to get you into your favorite apps at supersonic speed.

Do two things at once, at once


Allows you to see two apps at once, it’s like having super strength and laser vision.

Dive into more apps with fewer taps

Notification Dots:

Press the notification dots to quickly see what’s new, and easily clear them by swiping away.

Android Instant Apps:

Teleport directly into new apps right from your browser, no installation needed.

Peace of mind in the palm of your hand

Google Play Protect:

Working to keep your device and data safe from misbehaving apps by scanning over 50 billion apps per day, even the ones you haven’t installed yet!

Talk about a life saver

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It’s Android Oreo.

Powers and beyond

Allows you to quickly access from the navigation bar accessibility features, like magnification, and functionality within accessibility services, like Select to Speak.

Accessibility services can optimize the audio experience for users with disabilities.

Developers can now provide a full-bleed square shaped icon and OEMs will mask the icon to ensure intra-device consistency.

Highlights the incoming notification with larger font, highlighted app name and immediate access to actions.

More control over how apps run in the background for better overall system performance.

Limits the frequency of location updates in the background for better overall system health.

Enables applications to render richer visual content with more vibrant colors and subtler gradients. Supports full color management which allows applications to render images in the format and quality they were intended.

Applications no longer need to bundle custom fonts, which helps reduce their size.

Hostile downloader apps can’t operate without permission; users now permit the installation of APKs per-source.

Compatible with all Mopria-certified printers, which make up 97% of printers sold worldwide.

API that allows you to share files across the Internet via web links.

API function for high-performance audio including Native C/C++ audio API.

More granular and consistent control over which notifications can appear and how intrusive they are.

Lets users hide notifications for a period of time, similar to Inbox snoozing.

Pointer capture allows the app to capture all mouse input.

The biggest change to the foundations of Android to date: a modular architecture that makes it easier and faster for hardware makers to deliver Android updates.

Developers can now let the size of their text expand or contract automatically based on the size and characteristics of the TextView, making it much easier to optimize the text size on different screens or with dynamic content.

Support for tooltips (small popup windows with descriptive text) for views and menu items.

Auto-connects you to high quality Wi-Fi and secures it with a VPN back to Google.

Sniffing Chips Soon!

Nigerian neuroscientist Oshiorenoya Agabi may have found a way to solve one of life’s puzzling dilemmas: how to make air travel pleasant again.

What if you could skip tedious airport security lines, while a special device able to sniff out explosives works silently in the background?

This is only one of the possible uses of what Mr. Agabi says is the world’s first neurotechnology device developed by his Silicon Valley-based start-up Koniku. The device was unveiled at the TEDGlobal conference in Tanzania.

While those in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) are working furiously to create machines that can mimic the brain, or — like tech entrepreneur Elon Musk — implant computers in our brains, Mr. Agabi has found a way to merge lab-grown neurons with electronic circuitry.

As many grapple with the finite processing power of silicon, the 38-year-old said he had looked to the brain which is “the most powerful processor the universe has ever seen”.

To simulate the power of just 204 brain neurons would require a supercomputer, he said.

“Instead of copying a neuron, why not just take the biological cell itself and use it as it is? That thought is radical. The consequence of this is mind-boggling,” he said.

So he and a team of geneticists, physicists, bio-engineers, molecular biologists and others set about doing just that, focusing on the problems that were particularly hard for silicon devices to solve.

This includes detecting volatile chemicals and explosives or even illnesses such as cancer.

Mr. Agabi said the Koniku Kore device is “a world first” device that can breathe in and smell the air. He said “major brands”, including those in the travel industry, had signed up and the start-up’s current revenues of $8 million were expected to leap to $30 million by 2018.

Keeping neurons alive

One of the main challenges was finding a way to keep the neurons alive, a secret Mr. Agabi did not wish to expand on, saying only they could be kept alive for two years in a lab environment and two months in the device.

As AI improves in leaps and bounds, scientists are succeeding in making machines more like our brains, able to learn and understand their surroundings: a prospect that is terrifying for many. Mr. Musk, who has repeatedly warned about the perils of AI making humans obsolete, is working on a new project to implant “neural lace” brain-interface technology to prevent humans becoming like a “house cat” to potential machine masters.

However, Mr. Agabi, who grew up in Lagos where he helped his mother sell food on the streets, believes the future of AI lies in making machines more alive.

He believes his company could build a cognitive humanoid system based on synthetic living neurons in the next five to seven years.

Mr. Agabi did a bachelors degree in theoretical physics in Lagos before taking an interest in neuroscience and bio-engineering for his PhD in London.

“We want to build a brain of biological neurons — an autonomous system that has intelligence. We do not want to build a human brain.”

Vacuum Powered Robot

Scientists have created the first functional soft robot powered entirely by vacuum that moves by having air sucked out of it, and can perform different tasks, such as climbing vertical walls and grabbing objects.

For the robot to move, air has to be sucked out of its individual components. Inspired by muscle contraction, its individual soft components are activated (they collapse) when vacuum is applied to them.

The robot uses suction to grab objects or to stick to a smooth wall for climbing, so it can really achieve a wide range of tasks because of the unique properties of vacuum.

Multi tasking

The robot can be reconfigured to perform different tasks, making it highly modular and versatile, with a wide range of applications in both research and in industry.

“What we have is a fully functional robot which is entirely powered by vacuum, which has never been done before,” said Matt Robertson, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland. “Previous work has shown individual components powered by vacuum, but never in a complete system,” said Robertson.

Vacuum-powered components are a recent addition to robotics — and, more importantly, they are safe. Today, most actuators on the market are activated by applying positive pressure, i.e by injecting air into their components. However, containing positive pressure requires stiff high-pressure pneumatics, which also pose a safety threat: in extreme situations, they can explode. By comparison, vacuum-powered actuators are safe, soft, and simple to build.

“What’s more is that our soft building blocks are designed to be plug-and-play, so ultimately we can assemble several types of robots from the same basic units,” said Jamie Paik, scientist at EPFL.

“They can be reconfigured to perform different tasks like crawling, gripping canisters, and climbing a vertical wall,” said Mr. Paik.

See Through Camera

Scientists in the U.K. have developed a new camera that can see through the human body and track the medical tools known as endoscopes that are used to investigate a range of internal conditions.

The device, developed by researchers at the University of Edinburgh and Heriot-Watt University in the U.K., is able to detect sources of light inside the body, such as the illuminated tip of the endoscope’s long flexible tube.

Until now, it has not been possible to track where an endoscope is located in the body in order to guide it to the right place without using X-rays or other expensive methods, researchers said. Light from the endoscope can pass through the body, but it usually scatters or bounces off tissues and organs rather than travelling straight through.

This makes it nearly impossible to get a clear picture of where the endoscope is. The new camera takes advantage of advanced technology that can detect individual particles of light, called photons.

The technology is so sensitive that it can detect the tiny traces of light that pass through the body’s tissue from the light of the endoscope.

Snap Map

Amidst the destruction that Hurricane Harvey left behind a couple of weeks ago, a new social media hero emerged — Snap Map. Users in disaster-hit areas used this feature to showcase relief efforts, highlight shelters, and most notably, bring an intimate, raw and human perspective to disaster. Shortly after, those in the path of Hurricane Irma, which has left a trail of destruction across Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and much of the Caribbean, followed suit.

Positive vibes

When Snapchat introduced Snap Map in June this year, it was universally panned as a creepy, Orwellian feature. It enabled its users to display their exact location on a map to all their friends. Additionally, you could also upload geotagged ‘Stories’ — that is, photos and videos from your location — to a public stream that can be viewed by Snapchat users all around the world.

Although I’d downloaded and signed up for the app when it launched in 2012, I’ve only been a sporadic user. The ephemerality of its photo messages didn’t particularly appeal to my poor memory, although I have enjoyed watching Snapchat stories, and using their hilarious dog photo filters. However, once Instagram introduced its own knock-off version, I shifted loyalties entirely and ended up deleting the original from my phone.

Crunching numbers

After reading all the positive news about Snap Map, I took some time to fiddle with the feature to better understand how it worked, and to figure out how relevant it is in an Indian context. What I realised right off the bat was that the success of Maps depends entirely on its users, and the truth is, there just aren’t as many Snapchat users in our country, as there are in say, the United States, or even the United Arab Emirates, where there were a far greater number of stories that you could watch.

A look at the numbers explains why: according to a GlobalWebIndex research, in 2016, only 9% of Internet users in India had Snapchat, whereas 52% were on WhatsApp and 42% used Facebook Messenger. Compare this to USA, where the number is double — 18% of Internet users are on Snapchat (according to Omnicore Statistics). Research from Kantar shows that in the UAE, the market share for Snapchat and Instagram grew from 15% in 2014 to 53% in 2016, which is far ahead of the global average of 42% (in 2016).

Latest updates

Stories on Snap Map are arranged in order of newness, which means you will see the latest photos and videos first. This is quite significant in times of emergency, where already-resolved requests for help tend to get forwarded over and over, without any update on whether or not the person received help. I must point out though, that when this feature is switched on, the app drains your battery and consumes an enormous amount of data. Considering power and data signals are the first to fall when any disaster hits our country — be it in the urban or rural areas, even if Snap Map held its own in the first world, we would find it pretty useless if Mother Nature directs her fury towards us.

Does it have potential if you drop the disaster angle? It does, but as a tool for stalkers. India, in 2017 alone, has seen over a hundred reported cases of “jilted lovers” inflicting irreparable physical harm on the women who rejected them. Mainstream Indian cinema continues to champion stalking to be the most legitimate form of love, and the reactions to the recently proposed Marital Rape bill prove that the vast majority of Indian men are baffled by the idea of consent. Add this to the fact that Snapchat is used primarily by the 15 to 25 age group, and that it doesn’t take much effort to add someone as a friend, Snap Map becomes more than just creepy. It becomes dangerous.

Having said that, there is something rather intimate about watching people from across the world just going about their day. Sitting in Chennai, I saw snippets of a cricket match in Lahore, photos from a pomegranate festival in the UAE and sheep farms in Australia. I even watched videos of people gathering around the Kabba in Mecca. I was watching people I had no idea about, people from completely unfamiliar cultures, sharing their part of the planet with the rest of us. It was addictive, oddly mesmerising, and made me realise how similar we are in our differences. Perhaps our country needs Snap Map after all.

Rocking Robot

Italian tenor Andrea Bocelli’s voice soars to the rafters of the Tuscan theatre, but all eyes are on the orchestral conductor beside him — a robot with an apparent penchant for Verdi.

The concert in the heart of Pisa is a world first, with two mechanical “arms” conducting live music at the grand finale of the first International Festival of Robotics.

The Swiss-designed YuMi sweeps its baton skywards with one hand, while the other curves around in a caress that spurs on the strings as the operatic “La Donna E’ Mobile” (“Woman Is Fickle) reaches its climax.

Man Vs Machine

But music lovers beware: YuMi can conduct set pieces, but cannot improvise, react or interact with the musicians.

“It was extremely difficult to train,” says Andrea Colombini, the conductor of the Lucca Philharmonic Orchestra.

YuMi, designed by robotics leader ABB, was taught to mimic Colombini’s gestures.

“YuMi is extremely flexible and its arms have the same mobility as mine,” he told AFP.

The humanoid does not stand, however: It sits on a pedestal that gives it the support it needs to move its long arms.

‘Just an arm, not the brain’

It’s not a particularly friendly looking robot, and Colombini acknowledged that they did not get on at first.

“It was not love at first sight…It took a long time ,” he said. “Training YuMi to perform six minutes of music “took 17 hours of work.”

Borsi looked apprehensive as she stood in her shocking pink concert gown, waiting for the robot to begin directing the classic soprano aria “O Mio Babbino Caro” (“Oh My Beloved Father”) by Puccini.

The effect is somewhat odd: the musicians watch for the first baton stroke and gamely follow it throughout the aria, but the traditional vitality of a human conductor — keeping tempo with the whole body, even through the breathing — is missing.

Keeping pace with technology

Bocelli, who is visually impaired, had to remember the tempo YuMi had been taught down to the second.

Any unprogrammed “accelerando” or “rallentando” would have been disastrous, as he had no way to get the conductor to follow his lead.

“There’s no way it could replace the sensitivity and emotion of a conductor, because a robot has no soul. It’s just an arm, not the brain, not the heart,” Colombini said.

Later, when the conductor himself takes to the stage, his whole body sways and thrusts — and the difference is startling.

“There’s not much room unfortunately for improvisation, you have to go with the robot,” says American violinist Brad Repp, who took part in the concert.

“It’s a cool effect… but there’s no way this could be the future,” he said.

The maestro said the automaton was far more sophisticated than its “rival” Asimo, the white four-foot (1.2-metre) robot designed by Honda which conducted the Detroit Symphony Orchestra in 2008.

“We’re not talking about Asimo’s limited up-and-down, one-arm movement. AFP

70 years of Freedom

Past tuesday that is on 15th August 2017 India celebrated its 70th Independence Day. Though there has been debate on whether this was 71st or 70th year so just to make it clear that it was 70 indeed.

Independence Day is a day of glory and pride for us Indians. The day is celebrated with lot zeal and enthusiasm all across the country and Independence Day celebrations officially take place at the Red Fort, Delhi.

Why is I-Day so important to us?

The Constituent Assembly came into effect at 11pm on August 14, 1947. India gained its freedom and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of the country. He gave his famous “Tryst with Destiny” speech which motivated lot of Indians.

“At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance”– Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru (Tryst With Destiny)

The freedom started with India’s colonization which started with the arrival of the British East India Company which landed in India to the country in the 1600s. They came to trade with India but soon began to exercise military and administrative control and by 1757, they took everything under them. On the eve of Independence Day, the President addresses the nation and further the Prime Minister unfurls India’s flag the very next day and holds a speech at the Red Fort in Old Delhi. On this special day, there are many cultural programs which are held at various schools and organizations.

On this day, people fly kites, which plays a vital role. Kite symbolizes the feeling of freedom which people expresses on this special day. Tekkex wishes everyone a very Happy Independence Day! Jai Hind, Jai Bharat. One India, Happy India.